The Master of Music (M.Mus.) degree in performance and composition is offered to candidates who have achieved necessary levels of attainment and productivity at the undergraduate level, and who give reasonable promise of further significant accomplishment. This degree is often a final academic step for the musician who wishes to enter the professional world, although it may prove an intermediate step for those wishing to prepare for doctoral training. Performance candidates present a recital or opera performance in lieu of a thesis, while students in composition present a program of original works. A two-year residency is the norm.