Postgraduate doctoral research degree in Management Mathematics PhD by Research: Training is provided through individual supervision of research, by advanced seminar courses and conferences, and by generic courses. The PhD degree usually involves a qualifying dissertation submitted during the second year of study, which is helpful training for writing the PhD thesis. The main research focus of our internationally renowned Theoretical and Computational Optimisation Group is on mathematical theory and methods applicable to managerial decision-making, particularly non-linear, discrete, and multicriteria optimisation. Research is typically a mixture of theoretical investigation and practical application or industrial collaboration. In some cases it is theoretical and leads to the development of new mathematical theories applicable in management mathematics. Elements of this find their way into challenging taught courses within the School. Postgraduate students in the Management Mathematics Group acquire widely useful knowledge and skills, ranging from theory to computational implementation and live applications. The courses examine the basic concepts in a broad range of managerial, industrial and scientific problems and illustrate how these may be applied in a variety of contexts to provide powerful solutions. By giving seminars, attending conferences and presenting papers, students prepare themselves for professional life.